构成火灾的三大要素是什么? - 常见问题

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构成火灾的三大要素是什么?

来源:http://www.dzzhongtebao.com  点击次数:    发布时间:2018-07-20
大家知道火灾猛于虎,随着近年来所出现的火灾事件的频繁,大家也越发重视这个事情,那么要怎么去避免火灾带来的危害呢,
People know that the fire is more fierce than the tiger. With the frequent fire incidents in recent years, we have paid more attention to it. How to avoid the harm caused by the fire,
1.可燃物
1. combustibles
2.热量或者燃烧源头
2. the source of heat or the source of combustion
德州保安公司
3.氧气
3. oxygen
目前无论是家庭住宅,民用建筑还是工业建筑都是从控制这三个方面来着手的。
At present, both home and residential buildings and industrial buildings are controlled from three aspects.
A.可燃物方面首先主要的是避免火源和易燃物的接触,例如厨房是家庭生活中的一大火源,应注意厨房内部尽量少放易燃物,据我所知一些清洁剂,香水就是较典型的易燃物。同时厨房及易燃物较多的客厅,应该有一定的安全距离。这个在家庭装修的时就该考虑好。另外,皮沙发,天花板,地板这些都是有防火等级和标准的,在采购该家具的时候应注意一下它们的引燃性。
A. is the first to avoid fire and flammable contact. For example, the kitchen is a major source of fire in family life. Attention should be paid to the minimum flammable contents in the kitchen. According to some cleaners I know, perfume is a more typical flammable substance. At the same time, kitchen and flammable more living room, there should be a certain safety distance. This should be considered when the family is decorated. Besides, leather sofas, ceilings and floors are all equipped with fire protection grades and standards. When purchasing the furniture, they should pay attention to their ignitability.
B.热量和燃烧源头上面已经提到了,厨房是一大火源,另一大火源就是打火机及一些容易造成短路的电子设备。打火机不要随意乱扔,好放在不易燃的地方(如大理石,钢玻璃)内,防止爆炸后引燃其他易燃物品。电子设备的一大问题是在比较潮湿阴暗的环境下,有时候会引发短路,所以保持电子设备多的房间的话干燥和通风是很有必要的。
B. has already mentioned the source of heat and combustion. The kitchen is a major source of fire, and another source of fire is lighters and some electronic devices which are easy to cause short circuits. Lighters should not be thrown at random, preferably in non inflammable places, such as marble and steel glass, to prevent inflammable objects from igniting after explosions. A big problem in electronic equipment is that it sometimes causes short circuits in a wet and dark environment, so it is necessary to keep a room with more electronic equipment to be dry and ventilated.
C.氧气氧气也是生命所需的基本气体,这方面我们没法控制,但是笔者认为家庭在家装的过程中,房间的分区要计划好,同时房间门的隔热封闭性能尽力做到完善,这样一旦发生火宅,可将火控制在较小房间范围里,避免火势的蔓延,以等待施救人员的出现。
C. oxygen and oxygen is also the basic gas needed for life. In this respect we can not control it, but I think the family in the family process, the room partition should be planned well, and the insulation performance of the door is perfect. In this way, fire control can be made in the smaller room and avoid the fire in the case of a fire house. Spread to wait for the rescue workers to appear.
在欧洲标准中,防火措施分为主动防火及被动防火,我们以上谈到的通风,房间分区是一些比较被动的措施,而目前我国家庭住宅方面采取主动措施的家庭较少.所以有条件的家庭,可在客厅卧室加装一个警报器,虽然警报器错误率很高,常常把厨房的油烟及抽烟当成火灾报警,但比起生命财产安全相比这样的小问题几乎忽视不计。同时可以备用一个灭火器,这是一个主动防火措施。另外要注意的是,就是选购住宅的时候,好选购有安全通道的住宅,那么毫无疑问会多一条逃生路线。平时进出家门的时注意一下住宅楼的防火通道地图也很重要.另在真正的火灾中,许多人不是死于高温,而是死于烟熏及有害气体,所以这边北京保安公司提醒大家,家庭条件允许的话好备几个防毒面具,一旦火灾不可控制,大限度增加逃生几率。
In the European standard, the fire prevention measures are divided into active fire prevention and passive fire prevention. The ventilation in the room we mentioned above is a few passive measures. At present, there are fewer families taking active measures in the family house in our country. So the conditional family can add an alarm in the living room of the living room, although the alarm is wrong. The rate of error is very high. Often the kitchen fumes and smokes are used as fire alarm. However, such small problems as compared with the safety of life and property are almost ignored. At the same time, a fire extinguisher can be reserved. This is an initiative fire prevention measure. Another thing to note is that when choosing a house, it is best to choose a safe passage for residential use, so there is no doubt that there will be more escape routes. It is important to pay attention to the fire passageway map of the residential building when you go in and out of the house. In the real fire, many people die not from the high temperature, but die from the smoke and harmful gas. So the Beijing security company here reminds everyone that the family conditions are allowed to prepare several gas masks, once the fire is not controlled, Increase the chances of escape to the maximum.