来源：http://www.dzzhongtebao.com 点击次数： 发布时间：2018-06-01
The consequences of drowning in children include disability caused by death and severe neurological damage. The early start of basic life support after drowning and the recovery of effective respiratory cycle are the most effective ways to succeed in resuscitation, reduce mortality and severe neurological sequelae. The methods of rescuing the first aid were:
1, water rescue: when trying to rescue a drowning child, the rescuer should be as fast as possible to the drowning child, preferably with a vehicle (a ship, a raft, a surfboard or a floating material). Rescuers should always keep in mind their own safety.
2. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation: the first and most important treatment for drowning is to give immediate ventilation, and the rapid start of artificial respiration can increase the chance of survival. Usually, patients with unclear consciousness need to start breathing in shallow water or on shore. If the rescuer can not pinch the nose of the child in the water, support the head and open the airway, the nasal ventilation can replace the mouth to mouth ventilation. Most drowning people choke only a small amount of water and quickly breathe in the central circulation, and do not form a blockage in the trachea. Some children have no inhalation, but airway obstruction is caused by laryngospasm or breath holding. Therefore, no choking in the airway needs to be cleared.
3, at the same time, drowning may vomit, 2/3 drowning people who receive artificial respiration, and 86% drowning people who need chest compressions and ventilation will vomit. If vomiting occurs, remove the child's head to one side and remove vomit with fingers or cloth. It is also necessary to keep warm care for the sick children. Every drowning child needs to be transferred to the hospital for further assessment even if it only needs a simple recovery before waking up, followed by a pediatric advanced life support guide.
4. At the same time, the first emergency cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be made at the same time, the first aid system should be called by 120 emergency telephone to make further assistance and transfer.
Site treatment of traffic accidents in children's road traffic accidents, timely and effective pre hospital care can save many lives. In case of road traffic accidents, please dial 120, 110 and 122. Unless the scene will endanger the lives of children, do not immediately move the injured person; at the same time, close the wrecked vehicle engine, tighten hand brake or stone fixed wheel, prevent other vehicles from getting involved in traffic accidents, check the injury of children and confirm. Awareness, breathing, pulse, bleeding, and ambulance rescue from the vehicle should be based on different injuries. For spinal injuries, we should not use dragging, pulling, holding and so on. We should use the spinal fixed plate. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation should not be performed on the head, neck, chest and back to prevent deterioration of the heart and heart. The conscious patients were treated with symptomatic treatment. Protect the scene as much as possible.