来源：http://www.dzzhongtebao.com 点击次数： 发布时间：2018-02-14
中国的海外安保事业的起步是2004年，这一年的6月，11名在阿富汗的中国工人遭武装分子机枪扫射后身亡，引发了政府与社会的高度关注。中国“走出 去”企业的先导，特别是高风险国家拥有大量项目的中石油、中石化等大型国企开始认识到海外作业的安全风险问题，开始把海外安全保护作为一项重要内容列入企 业日常经营工作之中，成立或扩编了专门的海外安保部门，并购买专业安保企业（主要是西方和当地安保公司）的服务。当年中国首次提出了海外利益的概念，外交 部涉外安全事务司正式运行。
China's overseas security business started in 2004. In June of this year, 11 Chinese workers killed in Afghanistan were killed by gunmen firing machine guns, causing great concern from the government and society. Chinese "out of the pilot to enterprise, especially high risk countries have a large number of projects in the oil, Sinopec and other large state-owned enterprises began to realize the security risks of overseas operations, began to protect the overseas security as an important content in enterprise daily management work, the establishment of a special overseas expansion or the security department, and the purchase of professional security companies (mainly western and local security service company). For the first time in China, the concept of overseas interests was first proposed, and the Foreign Ministry of Foreign Affairs Department of security affairs was formally operated.
Overseas business enterprises Chinese soon found that relying solely on the lack of foreign security companies, local security companies are lack of professional, low quality of personnel, lack of responsibility, the key moment often cannot be trusted; Western security companies although with high professional skills and occupation accomplishment, but the service is expensive, hire a Western security price is equivalent to 7 local security. Therefore, after a period of exploration and experience accumulation, Chinese enterprises began to recruit their own security guards stationed overseas as a supplement to local and Western security forces. China's own overseas commercial security forces have also started.
In August 2010, the Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of foreign affairs, development and Reform Commission, the SASAC, the Ministry of public security, Safety Supervision Bureau, the National Association of industry and Commerce jointly issued the "overseas Chinese funded enterprises and institutions and personnel safety management regulations" (Hefei No. 313), which explicitly states that enterprises should take the overseas security risk subject, at the same time must be sent overseas safety training, not training, not to send". The policy created a market for overseas security training and a group of companies specializing in overseas safety training. This power is combined with the overseas security forces introduced above, forming the basic business mode of China's overseas business security enterprises, that is, "domestic training to maintain daily survival, and strive for profits from overseas projects".
At present, can be described as "China status of overseas business enterprises, to the security of dragons and fishes jumbled together with the national", "The Belt and Road" strategy and launch international terrorism violence increased, many people have seen the overseas commercial security market prospects, have played under the banner of the development of overseas security. From the perspective of public declaration, there are more than ten security companies known as overseas businesses, but in fact, there may be only a small number of 3-4 businesses actually forming business scale, and the existing businesses are also limited to safety training and personnel dispatching.
There is no doubt that there is a huge gap between the ability of the existing overseas commercial security enterprises in China and the overseas security needs that are widely concerned by the community. At present, this gap can only be made up by buying the services of the western and local security companies. In contrast, in the world, private business security is a huge and mature market with a market size estimated at about $2-3000 billion. In this market, Europe and the United States national security company a leading position in the world's top three commercial security companies were British G4S (G4S), Sweden (Securitas, Spain securitas) Prosegur (Paul saicou), were listed companies, in 2014 the market value reached 41 billion, the conversion of RMB 23 billion 700 million and 25 billion respectively. The largest G4S in the world has 620 thousand employees in the world. It is the second largest employee company after WAL-MART. Its annual revenue is 18 billion dollars. In 2012, many London embassies and embassies were their customers. China "going out" enterprises to buy security services are mainly from several companies, such as oil projects in Iraq hired G4S professional security personnel.
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