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应该怎样参与灭火?

来源:http://www.dzzhongtebao.com  点击次数:    发布时间:2018-09-05
火光就是命令,火场就是战场"。然而,火场常常是人员众多,情况十分复杂的场所,要迅速地扑灭火灾,必须统一指挥,协调一致,才能做到有计划、有步骤、有成效地进行灭火战斗。那么,面对火灾我们又应该怎样做呢?
The fire is the order, the fire field is the battlefield. However, a fire is often a place with a large number of people and a very complicated situation. To put out a fire quickly, it is necessary to have a unified command and coordination in order to carry out a planned, step-by-step and effective fire fighting. So what should we do in the face of fire?
1.火灾现场的处置
1. disposal of fire scene
一是发生火灾立即报警,一旦确认发生火灾,保安员应当以快的速度立即报警,刻不容缓,越快越好。千万不能因为自己对火灾形势估计不足延误报警,或者担心影响服务单位形象、打扰领导、职工休息等而耽误报警,造成大的火灾的发生。二是必须先救人,人的生命放在位,引导人员疏散,千方百计解救被困人员是现场保安员的职责。
First, fire alarm immediately, once the fire is confirmed, the security guard should alarm immediately at the fastest speed, no delay, the faster the better. Never delayed the alarm because of their inadequate assessment of the fire situation, or worry about affecting the image of the service unit, disturbing the leadership, staff rest and so on, causing a major fire. Second, we must first save people, people's lives in the first place, guide evacuation, rescue trapped people by all means is the responsibility of the security guards on the spot.
德州保安公司加盟
2."一切行动听指挥"。
2. "all actions listen to command".
为了有效地进行灭火,火场一般都要成立指挥机构。工厂发生火灾,好多员工常常是灭火战斗的积极参加者。在火场上应自觉地听众指挥机构的指挥,是有秩序地进行灭火的关键。参加灭火战斗的员工和各专业队伍,在火场指挥机构的统一领导下,一般要组成四支队伍协同战斗:一支是灭火战斗队伍,协同公安消防队伍扑灭火灾;一支是抢救人员和物资的战斗队,主要协助公安消防队抢救人员和疏散主要物资;一支是警戒火场,维持秩序的战斗队;一支是后勤队,负责救护伤员,供应战斗用的物资、器材和茶水。在火场上战斗异常紧张,分配什么工作就要干什么工作,而且要主动积极,认真干好。
In order to effectively carry out fire fighting, fire stations usually need to set up command bodies. Fire broke out in factories, and many employees were often active participants in the fighting. In the fire field, we should consciously command the command body of the audience, which is the key to orderly fire fighting. Under the unified leadership of the fire command organization, the staff and professional teams participating in the fire fighting should generally form four teams to fight together: one is the fire fighting team, cooperating with the public security fire fighting team to fight the fire; the other is the fighting team to rescue personnel and materials, mainly assisting the public security fire brigade to rescue personnel and evacuate the main materials; It is a fighting force that guards the fire and maintains order; it is a logistics team that rescues the wounded and supplies supplies supplies, equipment and tea for the battle. Fighting on the fire is extremely tense, what work should be assigned to do, but also to take the initiative, conscientiously do a good job.
3.要提高警惕,遵守火场秩序
3., we must be vigilant and observe the order of the fire scene.
防止坏人乘火场混乱之机,窃取财物,进行破坏活动。灭火后,要保护好火灾现场,能为查清火灾发生的真正的原因提供许多重要证据。保护火灾现场的主要措施:一是划出警戒区,指派专人看护,不准无关人员进入现场;二是对火灾现场的一切遗留物,燃烧过或未燃烧过的物质及其陈设位置,必须保持原状,在没有经过现场勘察人员允许之前,一律不准搬动。三是撤销现场保护,清扫火灾现场,必须得到现场的消防人员或者当地公安消防监督机关的同意。
To prevent bad people from taking advantage of the chaos of the fire, stealing property and doing sabotage. After extinguishing a fire, it is necessary to protect the scene of the fire, which can provide a lot of important evidence to find out the real cause of the fire. The main measures to protect the fire scene are as follows: first, to delimit a warning area and assign special personnel to take care of it, so as not to allow unrelated personnel to enter the scene; second, to keep all the remnants of the fire scene, burned or unburned substances and their display positions intact, and not to move them without the permission of the on-site investigators. . Thirdly, to cancel the site protection and clean up the fire scene, the consent of the firefighters at the scene or the local public security fire supervision organ must be obtained.
4.在灭火战斗中,要注意安全,避免不必要的伤亡。
4. in fire fighting, we should pay attention to safety and avoid unnecessary casualties.
火场一般都较复杂,越是复杂的火场,越是要有条不紊。既要发扬一不怕苦,二不怕死的精神,敢于战斗,又要避免不必要的牺牲,讲究科学方法,善于战斗。要攻得上,撤得出,切忌盲目行动。火场人员多,流动频繁,人们思想处于紧张状态;器械多,经常挪动;杂物多,通道不畅;人、物相互撞击情况经常发生。有的火场带电,甚至有危险物品。许多安全问题,领导和他人难于关照,主要靠自己勇敢机智,谨慎行事,保障自身安全。
The fire scene is generally more complex, the more complex the fire scene, the more orderly. We should not only carry forward the spirit of fearing neither suffering nor death, dare to fight, but also avoid unnecessary sacrifice, stress scientific methods and be good at fighting. If we want to attack and withdraw, we must not act blindly. Fire staffs, frequent flow, people in a tense state of mind; more equipment, often moving; more debris, the passage is not smooth; people, things often collide with each other. Some fires are electrified, or even dangerous goods. Many security issues are difficult for leaders and others to take care of, mainly relying on their own courage, wit, prudence, to protect their own security.