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加强战时适应性心理训练的要求

来源:http://www.dzzhongtebao.com  点击次数:    发布时间:2018-03-05
由于工作性质的特殊性,保安员往往 会对危机事件进行紧急先期处置。 当处于高温、浓烟、爆炸、倒塌、中毒、 噪声、活动空间狭小等各种危机现场 时,若主观想象某种危险,则会本能 地精神紧张,表现出恐惧、厌倦、急 躁,甚至是泄气等消极情绪,尤其是看到人员伤亡时,精神极度地紧张, 恐惧则会进一步加剧,甚至畏缩不 前。要消除以上消极情绪,可以采取 以下方法:
As a result of the particularity of the nature of the work, the security guards often deal with the crisis emergency. When in high temperature, smoke, explosion, collapse, poisoning, noise, narrow space and other crisis scene, if imagined some danger, will instinctively show fear, nervous, tired, irritable, or even discouraged other negative emotions, especially to see the casualties, the spirit of extreme tension. Fear will be further intensified, even. In order to eliminate the above negative emotions, the following methods can be adopted:
(一)暗示法。运用暗示法主要表现为,保安员用语言不断在大脑中 施加所希望的影响,这种方法应用普 遍,作用也很大。如保安员在情况较 为复杂的抢险救援战斗展开之前暗示自沉着、冷静,保安员考核 时也可用这种方法调整心态。暗示 有积极暗示和消极暗示。积极暗示 往往产生积极的作用,而消极暗示则起到副作用。因此,要注意用积极的 暗示来调整心态。
(1) the method of suggestion. The use of the method of suggestion is mainly to show that the security guard exerts the desired effect in the brain, which is widely used and has a great effect. As a security guard in the complicated rescue battle that death, calm, security assessment can also be used when the method to adjust the mentality. Suggestive of positive hints and negative hints. Positive hints often have positive effects, while negative hints have side effects. Therefore, be careful to use positive hints to adjust the state of mind.
(二)榜样模仿法。榜样模仿法 是通过观察、模仿别人,训练自己,建 立一种原来没有的行为,或者学会一 种新的行为,来取代以往不适当的行 为。模仿对象可以是人,如优秀消防战士、英雄人物;也可以是电影、电视 或小说中描述的行为。通过对榜样 的模仿,训练自己良好的行为。
(two) model imitation. The way of imitation is to observe and imitate others, train oneself, establish a kind of original behavior or learn a new behavior to replace the past inappropriate behavior. The object of imitation can be a person, such as a good fire fighter, a hero, or an act described in a movie, a TV, or a novel. Train your good behavior by imitating the example.
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(三)以恐制恐法。在抢险救 援和生命救助现场,人和恐惧、焦躁、 惊慌失措都会对战斗带来影响。尤 其是在外界人员集中、慌乱及恐惧情 绪对保安员的感染作用下,会加剧恐惧等心理。因此,心理训练重点是消 除慌乱和恐惧情绪,培养勇往直前、 坚韧不拔、灵活应变的意志品质。首先,可通过高空训练,在烟火情景中 训练,在爆炸、倒塌、中毒等模拟危险 条件下的训练来增加胆量,根据需要 设置危险情景,增强保安员沉着、冷静和自制的能力。
(three) fear of fear. In the scene of rescue and life rescue, people and fear, anxiety, and panic can all affect the battle. Especially in the external personnel concentration, panic and fear of the security of the security of the role of the infection, will aggravate the fear and other psychology. Therefore, the focus of psychological training is to eliminate panic and fear, and to cultivate the will quality of courageously, persevering and flexibly. First of all, through altitude training, training in pyrotechnics, and training under simulated dangerous conditions such as explosion, collapse, poisoning and so on, we can increase our courage, we need to set up dangerous situations according to needs, and enhance our security staff's calmness, calmness and self-control ability.
(四)系统脱敏法。系统脱敏法是建立在放松训练基础上的一种行为改变方法,主要用于消除在某一战 时特殊情境下不合理的、过度的焦虑 或恐惧心理,同时建立起适当的行为反应方式。运用这种方法要求:首先 学会放松全身的肌肉,然后把令你感到焦虑或恐惧的刺激程度由低到高 分出等级,每一等级的刺激强度应在个人能忍受的范围之内;按照建立条件反射的过程,将紧张性刺激与全身放松状态反复结合;当低水平的刺 激由于身体放松而不再引起焦虑和恐慌情绪时,就呈现出另一个略强一点的刺激,再与身体放松反复结合,直到不再感到焦虑为止。
(four) the system desensitization method. Systematic desensitization is a behavioral change method based on relaxation training. It is mainly used to eliminate irrational or excessive anxiety or fear in a particular situation during a wartime, and at the same time, establish an appropriate way of behavior response. Using this method: first learn to relax the muscles of the body, and then the degree of stimulation that makes you feel anxiety or fear from low to high rank, stimulus intensity of each level should be within the scope of the individual can endure; according to the process of conditioning, the tension of the stimulus and relax state repeatedly when combined; the lowest level of stimulation due to the body to relax and not cause anxiety and panic, had another a little stronger stimulation, and then relax with repeated, until no longer feel anxious so far.
通过心理训练,能不断提高保安人员的心理适应能力,从而提高其在危机救助中的心理素质,充分做好各种心理准备,增强处置危机事件的速度、质量和效率,为顺利完成救人、灭火、疏散、保护物品以及各种复杂、危险的战斗任务创造必要的心理条件。
Through psychological training, can improve the security personnel's mental ability, and improve their psychological quality in the crisis, all well prepared, enhanced disposal crisis speed, quality and efficiency, for the successful completion of rescue, fire, evacuation and protection articles as well as various complex and dangerous missions to create psychological the necessary conditions.