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多方位观测中国海外商业安保企业的发展

来源:http://www.dzzhongtebao.com  点击次数:    发布时间:2018-02-21
从政府和社会的角度关注中国海外商业安保企业的发展,首先一条还是必须尊重市场。海外安保事业涉及到在特定情况下境外武装手段的运用,一旦带上政府的色彩,有国营企业特别是军方背景的话,就会引起东道国政府的警惕,关系到主权问题。海外安保的特殊性决定的了政府不能包办海外安保力量的建设。
From the point of view of government and society, the first one must respect the market in the development of Chinese overseas commercial security enterprises. The overseas security business involves the use of foreign armed forces under specific circumstances. Once the color of the government is brought to the state enterprise, especially the military background, it will arouse the vigilance of the host government and concern the sovereignty issue. The special nature of overseas security has decided that the government can not undertake the construction of the overseas security forces.
其次,政府不必急于规范海外商业安保市场的无序。海外安保力量建设本身带有一定的灰色性,作为一个特种行业,其从业人员都有特殊的专业背景,本身就很容易与特权或强力部门纠缠在一起。当前,在市场未获得充分竞争和发展的状态下,如果政府出台强制性规范政策,就极其容易形成“寻租”现象,扭曲整个行业的健康发展。这一点从国内保安行业的发展现状可见一斑。从尊重市场的角度看,这一行业的规范可以在一段时间的充分竞争之后交由专业的行业协会来制订。
Secondly, the government must not rush to regulate the disorder of the overseas commercial security market. The construction of overseas security force itself has a certain grey nature. As a special industry, its employees have special professional backgrounds, and they are easily entangled with privileges or powerful departments. At present, under the condition that the market is not fully competitive and developed, if the government promulgated the mandatory policy, it would be very easy to form "rent seeking" phenomenon and distort the healthy development of the whole industry. This point can be seen from the development of the domestic security industry. From the perspective of respect for the market, the industry's norms can be made by professional industry associations after a period of full competition.
后,政府和社会应该从市场、资金、人才和知识方面给海外商业安保企业一定的扶持。例如,政府应进一步明确“走出去”企业的风险主体责任,指导企业细化海外安全风险防范与应对方面的支出项;通过立法推出海外安全强制保险,或者以优惠政策鼓励国内保险公司开发海外安全险种;通过公开招标程序将海外公民保护、突发事件处理等政府服务外包给市场;这些政策都有助于扩大企业的市场空间。此外,政府相关部门、大学和智库可以加强与企业的沟通、交流与合作,有助于在人才资源、智力资源、外交资源等方面提升中国海外安保企业的能力。
Finally, the government and the society should give some support to the overseas commercial security enterprises from the aspects of market, capital, talent and knowledge. For example, the government should further clarify the "going out" enterprise risk responsibility, guide enterprises to refine overseas security expenditure risk prevention and response; through legislation introduced overseas security compulsory insurance, or to preferential policies to encourage the development of overseas domestic insurance companies of all types of security; protection of overseas citizens will, emergency treatment and other government service outsourcing to the market through an open bidding process; these policies have helped to expand the enterprise market space. In addition, government related departments, universities and think tanks can enhance communication, cooperation and cooperation with enterprises, which helps to enhance the capabilities of Chinese overseas security enterprises in terms of talent resources, intelligence resources and diplomatic resources.
总而言之,中国作为整个国家的“走出去”正在起步,中国海外商业安保的发展也才走过10年的历程,而真正的市场需求觉醒也就在近的1-2年。就像改革开放36年以来中国的家电、电信、互联网等行业一样,经过一段时间的市场竞争,大浪淘沙之后才能诞生联想、华为、阿里巴巴这一批能够真正在国际市场上立足的企业。因此,我们也有理由相信只要充足的市场空间,良性的竞争环境,未来5-10年也会有中国字号安保企业出现在国际舞台上。
To sum up, China's "going global" as the whole country is starting, and the development of China's overseas business security has gone through 10 years, and the real market demand awaken in the recent 1-2 years. As the reform and opening up 36 years Chinese appliances, telecommunications, Internet and other industries, after a period of market competition, only after the birth of mighty wave crashing on a sandy shore Lenovo and HUAWEI, the Alibaba a number of truly foothold in the international market of enterprise. Therefore, we also have reason to believe that as long as there is enough market space and healthy competition environment, there will be Chinese brand security enterprises appearing on the international stage in the next 5-10 years.
从微观上看,欧美顶级的国际安保企业的大体上有三种类型的“出身”:
On the microcosmic point of view, the top international security enterprises in Europe and America have three types of "origin" in general.
其一,以国际化、资本化运作壮大的,以全球的G4S为典型。这家公司早可以追溯到1901年由霍格雷夫在丹麦哥本哈根创建的KFN安保公司,后来易名为福尔克公司。2000年,福尔克公司与Group 4公司合并为“G4F公司”,后来被英国的Securicor公司合并,成立响当当的G4S。其中功不可没的是刚刚退任的CEO尼克·巴尔克斯(Nick Buckles),这位会计出身的CEO显然深谙资本市场之道。
First, the world's first G4S is typical with its internationalization and capitalization. The company can be traced back to the earliest 1901 created by Hogg Leif in Copenhagen Denmark KFN security company, later renamed Falk company. In 2000, Falk Group company and the merger of the 4 companies as "G4F company", later by the British Securicor company merger, establishment of famous G4S. It is the CEO Nick BARCOS (Nick Buckles) that has just retired, and the CEO, the accountant, is obviously well versed in the capital market.
其二,依靠政府合同发展壮大的,臭名昭著的黑水为代表的多数美国安保公司都在此类。尤其是2003年伊拉克战争之后,美国政府将大笔的国防军事业务分包给私人公司来运作,美其名曰为政府服务外包的市场化运作。黑水实际上只是其中的小萝卜头之一,在伊拉克美国政府合同获益大的是一家名叫哈利伯顿的公司下属的KBR公司,总价值395亿美元,而哈里伯顿的前CEO就是时任美国副总统的迪克·切尼。
Second, most American security companies, represented by the notorious black water, rely on government contracts. Especially in 2003 after the Iraq war, the U.S. government will large military business for Private Companies to operate, calling for the market operation of government service outsourcing. In fact, the Blackwater is just one of the kids in the United States, the government of Iraq's largest contract benefit is a man named Harry Burton's company KBR company, a total value of $39 billion 500 million, while the former Halliburton CEO is former vice president Dick Cheney.
其三,从情报、技术、装备、医疗、保险等相关专业公司转型发展而来,特别值得关注是“SOS国际”与英国的“化险咨询”(Control Risks Group)。前者是法国医生帕斯卡尔创办的全球健康医疗救援公司,后者原本是一家保险经纪公司,2008年这两家公司建立了战略联盟。将海外安全风险转化为一项保险业务,通过高额的保费收入来支持救援与安保能力建设,这不失为将安全转化为生意来做的一条市场之道。
Third, it has been transformed from intelligence, technology, equipment, health care, insurance and other related professional companies. It deserves special attention. It is "SOS international" and "Control Risks Group". The former is a global health care rescue company founded by French doctor Pascale, who was originally an insurance broker company. In 2008, the two companies established a strategic alliance. Transforming overseas security risk into an insurance business and supporting the construction of rescue and security capabilities through high premium income can be regarded as a market way to transform safety into business.
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